What Is A Diamond:
Diamond is a native crystalline carbon that is the hardest known mineral. It is usually nearly colorless. When transparent and free from flaws it is highly valued as a precious stone. It is also used industrially, especially as an abrasive. Crystallized carbon produced artificially is also called diamond.
The name diamond is derived from the ancient Greek adamas ("invincible"). Their hardness and high dispersion of light make diamonds useful for industrial applications and jewelry. Diamonds make excellent abrasives because they can be scratched only by other diamonds, or man- made materials, which also means they hold a polish extremely well and retain their luster.
They have been treasured as gemstones since their use as religious icons in ancient India. Their usage in engraving tools also dates to early human history. The popularity of diamonds has risen since the 19th century because of increased supply, improved cutting and polishing techniques, growth in the world economy, and innovative and successful marketing campaigns.
4Cs of a Diamond
Gem diamonds are commonly judged by the “four Cs”: carat weight, clarity, color, and Cut. Everything you need to know begins with the letter “C.”
Learning about diamonds begins with an understanding of the basic characteristics, often referred to as The Four C’s. These are the standards by which diamonds are graded, compared and ultimately valued. Understanding the ways that diamonds differ from one another will help put in perspective the trade-offs of The Four C’s against another important factor - price.
We use 4C's method to describe a diamond. The 4Cs are Color, Carat Weight, Cut, and clarity. There is a fifth 'C' too, which is care. This C is in the hand of the user. To maintain and care the diamond and diamond jewelry, following steps are useful:
Storing diamond in soft cloth:
As a diamond is the hardest substance and it scratches other diamond, so if we place them together, they will scratch each other and their shine and cut will become dull. So, store each diamond or jewelry in separate pouch of soft cloth.
Don’t wear diamond while working hard:
When you are doing hard work or swimming or showering, don't wear diamond.
Cleaning diamond with soft cloth:
To enhance its shine clean it with a clean and soft cloth after wearing the diamond. Also clean the diamond before storing it.
Placing diamond carefully:
If you are washing your hands and you are going to remove the diamond jewelry (ring etc). Don't put it anywhere in a way that it can easily slip down the sink.
Washing and drying the diamond:
You can wash the diamond with warm and soapy water using soft brush. Then dry it in air or with soft clean cloth.
Beware of using sharp chemicals:
Don't put the diamond pieces in the salt water or destroying chemicals like chlorine or detergents, etc.
If your diamond has cracks, avoid sudden changes of temperature to prevent the increment in cracks.
Your jeweler should check its mounting and fitting periodically and also clean it with steam or scientific methods to maintain the shine of the diamond.